Which of the following best describes a change in human society because of the Neolithic Revolution?

Which of the following best describes a change in human society because of the Neolithic Revolution?


The Neolithic Revolution was a significant turning point in human history that marked the transition from a hunter-gatherer lifestyle to settled agriculture and the development of permanent human settlements. This revolution brought about several changes in human society. The option that best describes a change in human society because of the Neolithic Revolution is:

1. Transition from nomadic lifestyles to settled agriculture: Before the Neolithic Revolution, early humans were primarily nomadic, constantly moving in search of food. With the advent of agriculture, humans began cultivating crops and domesticating animals, which allowed for a more settled lifestyle. This transition led to the establishment of permanent villages and towns where people could cultivate crops, raise livestock, and engage in other specialized activities.

Other notable changes resulting from the Neolithic Revolution include:

2. Surplus food production: Agricultural practices enabled the cultivation of surplus food beyond immediate consumption. This surplus food played a crucial role in supporting larger populations, which eventually led to the growth of communities and the emergence of specialized labor.

3. Social stratification: With the development of agriculture, societies became more complex. The surplus food produced allowed for the emergence of social classes and hierarchies, as individuals could specialize in different occupations other than farming. This led to the rise of leaders, political structures, and social divisions based on wealth, occupation, and social status.

4. Development of permanent settlements: As humans transitioned to agriculture, they established permanent settlements. These settlements were centered around fertile land, water sources, and other favorable conditions for farming. Permanent dwellings, such as houses or huts, replaced the temporary shelters used by hunter-gatherer societies.

5. Technological advancements: The Neolithic Revolution spurred technological advancements. Humans developed tools and implements specifically for farming and animal domestication, such as plows, sickles, and irrigation systems. These innovations improved agricultural productivity, allowing for increased food production.

6. Impact on the environment: The shift to agriculture also had significant impacts on the environment. Humans cleared forests and altered landscapes to make way for farmland. This led to changes in ecosystems and biodiversity, as well as the depletion of natural resources in some regions.

Overall, the Neolithic Revolution brought about profound changes in human society, including the transition from nomadic to settled lifestyles, the emergence of social hierarchies, the development of permanent settlements, technological advancements, and environmental transformations.